Patents, Trademarks & Designs

Nigeria Trade Marks

Trade Mark Registration in Nigeria

Nigeria trade marks are valid for 7 years from the filing date and are renewable every 14 years thereafter. Nigeria trade marks that have been registered are easier to enforce than their common law equivalent. Generally speaking, a trade mark is a name, signature, word, letter, numeral, shape, configuration, pattern, ornamentation, colour or container for goods or any combination thereof that is used to distinguish goods or services from those of competitors and others in the marketplace. 

Types of Trade Marks:

  • Goods and services
  • Certification marks
  • Defensive marks
  • Series marks 

Trade Mark Duration / Renewals:

7 years from filing date and renewable for further periods of 14 years.

Trademark Classes

Nice Classification

The most current edition of the Nice Classification of Goods and Services is followed. The Nice Classification, established by the Nice Agreement, is an international classification for the registration of marks. A new edition is published every 5 years and a new version of each edition is published annually.

International and Regional Systems

Paris Convention

Nigeria is a member of the Paris Convention where each contracting state must grant the same IP protection to nationals of other contracting states, and provides for the right of priority in the case of patents, trademarks and designs. The Paris Convention is an international agreement which helps creators ensure that their intellectual property is protected in other countries. It applies to IP in the widest sense as it covers patents, trademarks and industrial designs to name a few.

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Patents, Designs and Trademarks in Africa

File in Africa

Smit & Van Wyk provides a full range of Intellectual Property legal services in all African countries where protection is available. We can provide information on the filing requirements in each of the African countries and can also offer information on the various regional IP organisations such as ARIPO, OAPI and the Madrid protocol. We work with a network of trusted and knowledgeable agents to develop the best possible solution to each of our clients’ needs for trade marks, designs and patents in Africa.